Tax for Students
Tax can be a confusing area at the best of times, and working out what tax you need to pay as a student is no exception. It’s important that you pay all the tax you owe, but it’s equally important that you don’t overpay as you could lose out on money, and let’s face it you’ll probably need every penny!
Tax on IncomeThere is a prevailing myth that students don’t pay income tax. This isn’t true. In fact everyone is liable for income tax, but it is linked to what you earn, and you are allowed to earn a certain amount tax-free.
Currently, the amount you can earn before you have to pay tax is £5,225 per tax year. On average students earn about £6,000 a year so most don’t pay much tax at all.
You are taxed on anything you earn over this personal threshold of £5,225. If you earn:
- up to £2,230 over this you will be taxed 10% on that amount.
- between 2,231 to £34,600 over it you will be taxed 22% on that amount.
- Over £34,600 above the threshold you’ll be taxed at 40%.
Summer JobsIf you earn a steady amount throughout the year, you’ll pay tax like any other employee at the rates outlined above. However, if you only work in the summer or holidays and won’t earn more than £5,225 you’ll need to fill in a P38(S) form as soon as you start working. This will ensure you won’t be taxed as if you were earning that amount of money all-year round.
Self-EmploymentIf you decide to work on a self-employed basis as a student, you’ll still need to pay tax and you’ll have to deal with this side of things yourself. At the end of the tax year you’ll need to fill in a tax return so you must keep accurate financial records throughout the year, detailing your profits and expenditure.
Other Taxable IncomeAs well as income from employment, some other forms of money are also taxable. These include:
- Tips or bonuses from work
- Share dividends
- Jobseekers’ Allowance
- Savings interest
Tax on Financial HelpAlthough any financial help you receive is a form of income, the good news is that most of it isn’t taxable. You don’t have to pay tax on the following forms of financial help:
- Student Loans and Grants
- Money or loans from your parents and relatives
- Most scholarships and research awards
- Academic prizes
- Income from ISAs
Council TaxCouncil tax is charged by household and paid to the Local Authority. Full-time students don’t usually have pay council tax. If you live with all students you won’t have to pay council tax. Your house may well be already registered as exempt from council tax but if not, or you receive a bill, you just need to ask your Local Authority for an exemption form.
If you are a student and you live with non-students, you are exempt from paying council tax but those who aren't studying must still pay the full amount for property. This is a matter for you to decide with your housemates but some students in this situation feel it’s only fair to make some contribution to the council tax.
Part-time students are still liable for council tax. If you have a low income or live alone you may be eligible for up to a 25% discount.